Pipeline and pipe inspection is an important service presented to many industries, often oil, gas, chemical and power. The main purpose of SMC metal maker inspection is usually to maintain and increase the integrity in the plant or system, to avoid failures, ensure safety standards, avoid accidents, comply with government laws and save time and expense.
Pipeline and pipe Inspection uses NDT (Non Destructive Testing) methods to undertake inspections, using highly trained personal often performing a number of techniques to determine quantity of flaws, size, type and risk of each. Effects are summarised inside a report with appropriate graphs and technical drawings to illustrate the an overview of the results after careful analysis by a trained technician.
Several various kinds of piping may be inspected, several of the main types include;
Above ground non insulated piping
Long pipeline runs
Short underground runs
Service Water systems in nuclear plants
Fire protection systems in nuclear plants
The Low Frequency Electromagnetic Technique (LFET) is normally used for its highly flexible nature. For rapid identification of total flaws, a piece of kit like the PS-2000 works extremely well, though it may also be put in screening mode to provide more descriptive information, which could then be proved up via another technique such as A-Scan Ultrasonics.
For extended pipelines equipment such as the LineCat excels. The LineCat is ideally suitable for long pipeline inspection, due to the shape, and its particular self-propulsion. The LineCat can be a rig that wraps across the OD (Outer Diameter) of the pipeline, propelling itself at 10 ft/minute. The LineCat uses the LFET technique just as the PS-2000 above, however simply because of its rapid independent nature, makes SMC pipe line hassle-free, in comparison to a other systems that need manual movement with an operator.
In nuclear plants the principle concerns of piping inspections are service water system piping and fire protection system piping. These are generally inspected to quantify MIC (Micro-biologically induced corrosion) and FAC (Flow accelerated corrosion).
For shorter underground piping runs, equipment like the Eagle-2000 system could be utilised. The Eagle-2000 uses SMC alloy tube, and performs inspections 17dexypky the ID (Inner Diameter), picking up on small flaws due to the high resolution and small sensor size. It can provide realtime 3d data to analyse flaws instantly, and inspects through scale.
During inspection a similar forms of flaws tend to arise, attack by internal and external corrosion are typical, along with cracking, though third party damage is one of the main culprit for a lot of the major flaws. Flaws caused through the manufacturing process could be acquired on too, though they’re generally rare to come across.